Home Sitemap Contact us
Area of Activities
Partner Audit Services
Representation - Packaging
Seasonal Fruits
Contact Us
Banana Seasonal Fruits

Banana is one of the oldest fruits cultivated by man from pre-historic times. References to the banana in India frequently occurs in the Vedic literature, where mention is made of its use in religious rituals. Today, it is the leading tropical fruit in the world market with a highly organised and developed industry. In India Banana ranks next only to Mango in area and production, occupying an area of about 83 lakh hectares with an annual production of 46.26 lakh tons. The important banana growing states are Maharashtra, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, West Bengal, Bihar and Gujarat. However, the present production of banana in the country is highly inadequate. It is estimated that, the present annual per capita consumption of banana in India is 50 kg per head which is very low compared with other progressive banana growing countries such as Jamaica, Congo, Equador, Kenya and Uganda. Thus there is an immense scope of increasing banana production in the country.

Banana is a nutritious, palatable and easily digested fruit, rich in carbohydrates, minerals such as potassium, magnesium, sodium and phosphorus; and is even richer in calorific value than potato. Being relatively cheaper than other fruits, and owing to its availability almost throughout the year, banana should be regarded as a subsidiary food and forms a part of common man’s diet. Apart from fresh fruit, banana can be consumed as processed in various forms such as chips, powder. flakes, etc.
Dwarf cavendish
This is the most important commercial cultivar grown extensively in the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat and West Bengal. It is resistant to Panama wilt but susceptible to bunchy top disease. The plants are dwarf and thus less prone to storm damage; they show good response to heavy manuring and, consequently, the yield is heavy with proper manuring and orchard management practices. The bunches are large sized, compact, with good grade of fruit; the fruit is large and of acceptable quality, turns yellow on ripening in winter but remains green during the summer months. However, its main defect is poor keeping quality, as the fruit gets easily bruised and damaged during transport unless handled carefully.
Robusta (Giant Cavendish)
It is a semi-tall variety, grown mostly in Tamilnadu and some parts of Andhra and Maharashtra states. It is a heavy yielder and produces bunches of large size with well developed fruits. This cultivator produces most when its specific soil, water and climatic requirements are met. It also requires support. This variety satisfies to a large extent export standards.
This is a leading commercial cultivar of Tamilnadu, Kerala, Andhra, Karnataka and West Bengal. It is generally cultivated as a perennial crop, and with proper management it can be retained in the same land without renewal for a considerable period. It is a hardy cultivar and can withstand adverse climatic conditions like moisture stress but the plants get easily broken by storms especially when bearing bunches; the plants are resistant to Panama disease. The bunch is medium to large sized; the fruit is small and of poor quality, but keeps well and can be transported to distant markets.
This is another important commercial cultivar grown widely in West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Karnataka. Its susceptibility to Panama wilt and easy dropping of ripe fruits from the bunch are the main drawbacks. The yield is moderate to heavy, the compact, the medium to large-sized, compact, the fruit has good quality and fetches premium price over Dwarf Cavendish and Poovan.